Kamov 32 and modifications
Ka-32 – civil modification of the Ka-PS. Preserved the unique qualities of helicopters: maneuverability, simple pilot technique, high energy, ability-based ships, the durability of the structure to the corrosive marine environment. Has all the advantages of coaxial-rotor helicopters may be operated in any weather. Designed for transportation of bulky cargo on the external load, transporting people and cargo in the vehicle cabin, installation and dismantling.
Ka-T (transport) is designed for transportation of bulky cargo on the external load, transporting people and cargo in the vehicle cabin. The external suspension system installed on a farm in the cargo compartment. Stabilization of the cargo on the external load preclude it from swinging and facilitates piloting a helicopter. In the area of the doorway vehicle cabin is provided by installing a winch with remote control on a rotary boom crane with lifting capacity 300 kg
Ka-32S (ship) for ice reconnaissance and search and rescue operations are equipped with flight-navigation complex, radars, equipment for instrumental ice reconnaissance. The helicopter can handle drilling rigs and platforms on the continental shelf, to carry out the unloading of ships. Part of rescue equipment includes sanitary and additional lighting equipment. In addition, the helicopter is possible to install the rescue of the cargo winch lifting capacity of 300 kg with a set of seats. The navigation system provides the conclusion of the helicopter in the specified area and period, the automatic landing approach.
Ka-32A (multi-purpose), established on the basis of Ka-T, intended for transportation of people and goods inside the cabin and large cargo on the external load. Can also be used for evacuation, search and rescue and construction works, training of pilots, etc. In the cargo compartment accommodates up to 13 folding seats, sanitary version up to 9 people (4 stretchers+5 chairs). Created fire modification of the Ka-A equipped with remote-controlled searchlight L-AG, hands-free system SWS capacity to transport water cannon-a cannon. Modification of the Ka-A in the interests of security services of the police, equipped with special communication, hands-free system. For therapeutic aid on Board can be placed individually portable kits oxygen equipment. Ka-32A has a Russian type certificate and its export modification – national certificates Canada, Switzerland, Taiwan, Spain and Mexico.
Ka-32A multi-purpose established on the basis of a transport helicopter Ka-T and is intended for transportation of people and goods in the transport cabin and large cargo weighing up to 5000kg, EXT., evacuation of the sick and injured, search and rescue and rescue operations, construction operations, the training of pilots and other purposes.
Building history: the beginning of the development 1990; changing the design of the airframe and its systems in accordance with the requirements of the certificate, the certification tests – 1990-1993; obtaining a type certificate n 36-32A on the helicopter type certificate n 34-D on the TV3-117VMA – 1993; start of serial production at the company Kamov 1994; completion certification pilot plant company Kamov 1995.
The Ka-32A glider, the carrier system and the power plant, airframe and avionics are the same as the Ka-T. In the transport cabin jump seat can carry 13 people. For respiratory protection and vision of the members of the crew from smoke and noxious gases in their cabin is equipped with protective respiratory equipment, including oxygen tanks and smoke an oxygen mask. The helicopter can be equipped with an emergency landing baronetage type ballonets on Ka-32S.
Navigation equipment Ka-32A according to its functional purpose similar to Ka-T, but more modern type, it includes two altimeter VD-10, altimeter VEM-P, signs speed USVI-400 and US-350K, two Vario VAR-30M, two horizon AGR-V-10, device PNP-72-15, girovertikal MEGAWATTS-1 SUPER 8, watch ASF-1M.
The helicopter is equipped with a system of restrictive signals SOS-B1-32, designed to calculate the current values of the maximum speed, the distribution of these values in the on-Board information system, and also for the warning about reaching the maximum speed. The pointer speed USVI-400 kit from this system, located on the dashboard, indicates the current values of the instrument of speed and the maximum speed of flight.
As Ka-32S, Ka-32A can be additionally equipped with a radar station “Octopus-PS-32”, radio system range navigation and landing A-340-HOLY-AIRCRAFT and navigation equipment for operations over non-orientated area.
High level created airworthiness NLG.29, NLG.02, NLG.33 Ka-32A, engine TVZ-117VMA and operational documentation that meets the requirements of both domestic and U.S. airworthiness was confirmed by specialists from Russia, Switzerland, Canada and America. The index “A” indicates that the design of the Ka-32A corresponds to the standard design, which fully meets the requirements of the certification basis.
Design. The coaxial-rotor helicopter. The fuselage, propulsion and suspension system borrowed from the helicopter Ka-27. Rotor blades made of composite materials equipped with electric de-icing system. Rotor blades are equipped with damping system oscillations. For landing on water, the helicopter is equipped with a system of inflatable ballonet. For landing on soft ground the wheels are additionally attached skis.
On the Ka-32 helicopter set several world records, including records of height – 8250 m, the height of a horizontal flight – 8215 m height with a commercial cargo 1000 kg – 7305 m and with a load of 2000 kg – 6400 meters
The chronology. Start of development – 1980 First flight – October 8, 1980, the End state tests – 1983 batch production Started in 1986, July 16 1993 received Russian type certificate No. 36-29.
State. On KumAPP produced Ka-T, Ka-32S and Ka-32A. Refurbishment of helicopters under special customer requirements is at the pilot plant of the company KAMOV. Just built more than 140 machines, of which more than 70 are operated abroad. The KAMOV company continues to modernize Ka-32 installation of new avionics and more powerful engines with the aim of increasing commercial loads up to 7 tons.
Multipurpose helicopter Ka-32A11BC is a recognized leader in its class. The helicopter is designed to perform a special search and rescue and high-rise construction works, transportation of cargo inside the fuselage and underwing, skidding, evacuation of sick and injured, complicated suppression activities, as well as patrol and support special operations.
Coaxial scheme and the lack of a tail rotor provide helicopter compactness, high power to weight ratio and maneuverability, and excellent handling.
The ka-32A11BC has a high carrying capacity up to 5 tons of cargo on the external load.
The ka-32A11BC is equipped with the latest avionics systems.
Resource assigned Ka-32A11BC is increased to 32 000 hours – which provides helicopter low maintenance and efficiency.
Ka-32A11BC effectively performs work in dense urban, mountainous and wooded terrain, and able to land on the decks of small vessels, platforms, drilling platforms and unprepared, the difficult point. Operated by a single pilot, the cabin can be equipped with additional functional equipment.
Ka-32A11BC meets the requirements of FAR-29, AP-29, has the EASA certificate. Successfully operated in Austria, Azerbaijan, Brazil, Indonesia, Spain, Canada, Kazakhstan, China, Portugal, Russia, Switzerland, South Korea and Japan.
Fire Ka-32A11BC has over 40 options fire fighting equipment – including system type Bambi-Bucket and Simplex, water cannons for horizontal fire. Can extinguish the fire in heavy smoke, on the upper floors of high-rise buildings and oil and gas industry. The ka-32A11BC is recognized by experts as one of the best fire-fighting helicopters in the world, is a symbol of Global helicopter firefighting initiative, a program aimed at improving the efficiency of the use of specialized fire-fighting helicopters, equipped with overflow devices (Mat), water guns and other fire extinguishing systems.
The ka-32A11BC is indispensable for carrying out complex construction works due to the absence of the steering screw, high precision hovering, maneuverability and payload..
Search and rescue Ka-32A11BC has inherited the best features from Navy Ka-PS, on the basis of which is developed. Effectively used in conditions of high humidity and has greater resistance to corrosive marine environment. Characteristics of the Ka-32A11BC allow him to fly in conditions of high turbulence and high winds, so the helicopter is able to perform search and rescue operations in critical situations.
The ka-32A11BC can be equipped with a medical module with modern equipment intensive therapy. Thanks resuscitation can be performed while transporting the sick and injured.
To support the work of the police and special services Ka-32A11BC can be equipped with surveillance systems, tracking and speakerphone. High precision hovering and maneuvering of a helicopter enhance the effectiveness of its application in urban environments.
Engine (Qty, type, brand) – 2 x CCD TV3-117VMA
Takeoff power, HP – 2 * 2200
The crew – 1-3
Passengers – 13
Max. take-off weight, kg – 11000
The load in the cabin, kg – 4200
The load on the suspension, kg – 5000
Max. speed, km/h – 260
Cruising speed, km/h – 230
Static ceiling, m – 3700
Service ceiling, m – 5000
Range, km – 800
Duration, h – 4,5
The dimensions of the glider
Length, m – 12,25
Height, m – 5,4
Width, m – 3,8
The dimensions of the cabin
Length, m – to 4.52
Height, m – 1,24
Width, m – 1,3
The diameter of HB, m – 15,9
Base chassis, m – 3,02
Track chassis, m – 3,5
The Ka-32 helicopter is the development of Ka-PC designed specifically for civilian use, with the successful operation of the Ka-25 and Ka-27 from the deck of the ship. Initially, as the main purpose of the helicopter intended to be used for reconnaissance of ice conditions in extreme Arctic conditions, day and night, but later the helicopter was decided to develop a multi-purpose all-weather use; for search and rescue operations, transportation, cranes for installation of equipment, hauling packages of valuable wood in the absence of roads, police and other purposes.
The helicopter was decided to equip the perfect flight-navigation complex with on-Board computer, search radar and special equipment, de-icing systems. When performing ice reconnaissance must have a maximum flight time of 4.5 h, and during transportation and crane work was required lifting capacity 4T in the cabin and 5C on the external sling, range from 3T cargo in the cabin 300km, cruising speed 220-230km/H.
The lack of helicopter armament and search and anti-submarine equipment and associated systems are allowed to use the internal volume to accommodate the fuel tanks and various equipment for civilian use and increased capacity of the helicopter.
The beginning of the development of the Ka-32 helicopter should be taken as Ka-27, 1969, and the first flight General experimental helicopter – December 24, 1973 (test pilot I. E. Erusin), first flight serial Ka-32 helicopter took place in 1980.
This created more than 20 years ago, the machine has been successfully used on many continents and in all climatic zones. The fact that it in 1983 and 1985 was set seven world records, including: the maximum height of the flight 8520 m altitude with a commercial cargo 1000 kg – 7305 m, with a load of 2000 kg – 6400 meters and climb rate speaks for itself.
The liquidation of the accident at Chernobyl in 1986, the helicopter of this type conducted dosimetry exploration, dropping sensors to measure the level of physical radiation fields from a height of 250 meters in the ventilation pipe emergency unit of the NPP. These helicopters successfully operate in Canada, Malaysia, Algeria, Brazil, Switzerland, Korea and other countries. Long-standing cooperation with the Corporation LG, led to the fact that at the moment, Park Ka-32 helicopters on the border, forestry and fire protection South Korea is more than 40 units.
The coaxial-rotor helicopters have a number of advantages over helicopters classical scheme, due to the peculiarities of composition – the lack of a tail rotor.
The lack of tail rotor leads to a significant reduction of overall dimensions of the helicopter, as well as to reduce its weight, simplifies the design of directional control. In addition, the tail rotor uses 10-12% engine power. In the coaxial scheme this power is used to create a lifting force, that is, the power coaxial-rotor helicopter 10-12% higher than similar helicopter classical scheme. Control forces and moments coaxial-rotor helicopters are created for coaxial rotors, which determines their high controllability and maneuverability, and the lack of steering screw – low limits, especially at low speeds. So the angular speed at the hovering helicopter Mi – 8 – 12 s, Mi-24 – 30 sec, and Ka-32 helicopters do not have such restrictions.
The advantage of coaxial-rotor helicopters are particularly pronounced in flight operations with external cargo suspension, especially when performing construction works, maintenance of drilling rigs, loading and unloading of ships with RAID, as well as when performing various search and rescue operations.
The apparent complexity of construction, more than compensated for by its performance. Unfortunately, it is extremely difficult in practical terms to designate this feature, as maneuverability. In this category are worthy opponents, he simply does not exist. Its dimensions are defined by the area washed by the propeller – less than 16 meters. Due to the lack of tail rotor in cramped conditions exclude the possibility of an accident with damage, but according to statistics it is up to 27 percent of all accidents. The design of the Ka-32 can be used in all weather conditions, day and night on unprepared airfields and sites, as well as from ships and offshore drilling rigs. The folding blades reduces occupied by helicopter volume 5 times, which greatly reduces the area of the hangars. This is particularly important for sea-based.
The basic systems redundancy ensures high safety of any flight. Twin-engine power unit allows you to continue level flight, perform a safe landing, landing in the area takeoff abort or continue the takeoff weight 11000 kg For emergency landing and the subsequent escape of a helicopter after landing on the water are installed on the helicopter baloney.
It does not guarantee greater comfort for 13 passengers (or 9 people in the sanitary version), its quite a small salon, but can lift and carry up to five tons of oversized cargo on the external load. Note that when the weight 6600 kg, lift and take -5000 kg is not capable of any other helicopter.
Due to the coaxial arrangement of the screws, it limits lateral and wind is 10 m/s (Mi-8T: associated – 3 m/s, right – 5 m/s, left – 8 m/s, which is associated with loss of control). In addition, the excess of this limit does not lead to loss of control, as the helicopter itself unfolds against the wind. This is especially important when flying in the mountains with frequent changes of direction and force of wind, since Ka-32 can fly, to sit and to work when the wind is up to 20 meters per second, which is unattainable for anybody else.
The presence of de-icing system guarantees the successful execution of tasks in conditions of rain, snow, fog, icing, to a temperature of minus 23 degrees C, in limited circumstances, when the storm winds at high altitudes and where the required high accuracy. Start the engines of the helicopter does not require stationary airfield equipment and is provided to an altitude of 3000 meters in the range of ambient temperatures from minus 40 to + 40 deg C
The Ka-32 helicopters are equipped with powerful SAU, allowing you to perform various types of operations in automatic mode: hover over land and water, enroute flight, return to any point and landing on different trajectories. When installing a fire protection system (depending on version), he is able to fight fires, pouring out at a time from 3 to 5 tons of water. When equipped with water gun, the helicopter is able to extinguish spot foci of combustion. Moreover, water is drawn from open water to hover over them. Emergency winch allows, without landing, bring it on Board cargo weighing up to 300 kilograms.
Continuously working on improving the design of the helicopter and expand its functionality. Followed by modernization, replacement engines and carrier system, the weight of lifted load will increase to 7 tons.
At the moment, around the world, with all the air saturation of the market, only the Kamov design Bureau in Russia creates a coaxial-rotor helicopters. The American aircraft company Sikorsky tried to create a similar helicopter, but technical difficulties have not been overcome, and further experimental samples is not gone. Serial production of the whole range of helicopters by the Federal state unitary Kumertau aviation production enterprise. (Formerly producing Ka-26, and now a further version of the Ka-226).
Design: a Helicopter, a twin-screw coaxial configuration with two CCD and four legged chassis, has a great power to weight ratio and load on under square – 60 kg/m2.
The fuselage of the type polymenakos, mainly made of aluminium alloys, with a double crew cabin in the bow. In the cargo compartment dimensions 4.52 x 1.3 x 1.32 m, separated from the cockpit, placed 16 folding seats along the sides. Access to the cockpit through the sliding doors on both sides, in the cargo cabin through the sliding door dimensions 1.2 x 1.2 m from the left side. For securing cargo in the cabin provided mooring sites; system external sling loads designed to force 5000kg and set on a farm in the cargo cabin, equipped with a weighing device.
The tail Assembly consists of a stabilizer rectangular shape in plan, a magnitude 3.2 m, the ends of which are two keel washer socks inside – to improve directional stability. washer is equipped with large rudders. The design of the stabilizer and washers frame, made of aluminum alloy, with the wide use of composite materials.
Chassis four legged, non-retractable, pyramidal-parallelogram-type, double chamber oil-air shock absorbers low and high pressure. The front bearing caster, wheel size 400 x 150mm and a pressure of 0.58 MPa. The main support wheels 620 x 180 mm with a pressure of 1.08 MPa. It is possible to install skiing or emergency inflatable ballonet, the content of which is remote controlled using the buttons on the collective pitch lever.
Rotor blades are aligned, three-lobed, with swivel mount of blades and a system of folding. The blades are rectangular in plan, have a chord 0.48 m and the modified profile NACA 230. The spar of the blade is made of KM-based fiberglass reinforced with carbon fibers, attached to the side member 13 sections layered structure with a honeycomb core. The blades are provided with adjustable parked trimmers. Sleeve bearing screws are made of titans of steel with anti-corrosion treatment, equipped with adjustable dampers and damping system oscillations, consisting of two goods in the butt portions of the blades of the lower screws are configured so that their fluctuations were antiphase oscillations of the blades. Due to this, the vibration level does not exceed the valid over the entire range of flight speeds.
The power plant consists of two CCD with a free power turbine TVZ-117 takeoff power but with automatic control system providing engine starting and stable operation in all modes. Control over the operation of the engine is carried out using a pointer modes on the dashboard. In case of failure of the automation provided by manual control of the motors. Engine starting is made from auxiliary Ershova installation.
The main planetary gearbox, two-stage, with two freewheel clutches and brake bearing screws supplied with cooling system with fan and musardiere.
Fuel system 10 includes fuel tanks with a total capacity l combined into left and right groups. Under the floor of the cab placed 8 fuel tanks, two of which are damped when installed in the cab of the external suspension. Two tanks are placed outside in containers on the sides of the fuselage. In each group of tanks include tank, which receives fuel from the other tanks. Distribution system fuel provides fuel to a single engine from any group of tanks and to both engines from one group. In tanks installed two pumps operating in parallel, and the remaining tanks – one pump. Refuelling of the helicopter is made through flooded cap or fitting centralized filling under pressure.
Electrical system AC three phase, has two independent generator, which can operate in parallel and separately with inverters and batteries for the DC circuit. Electrical heating socks blades and inlets powered by three-phase alternating current, rated for continuous operation during the entire flight.
Equipment. Flight-navigation complex helicopter includes BAUM, autopilot, Doppler velocity meter and demolition and radio, providing automatic stabilization of flight modes and automated management, including flights on a given route and automatic landing and hovering at a height of 25m above the landing place. Equipment set Ka-32A provides operations on devices day and night, in VFR and IFR weather conditions, Ka-32S is also used surveillance radars. Applied on-Board system of recording flight data. Can be mounted rescue hoist lifting capacity of 300kg. The Ka-32 is equipped with fly-by-wire flight control system and automatic damping of the cargo on the external cable suspension.
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Ka-32 initial modification.
modernized helicopter Ka-32, meets the airworthiness requirements for helicopters NLGW-2 and American standards FAR-29/FAR-33.
modification of the Ka-32A for use in the system of the fire service.
modification of the Ka-A for the militia; was shown for the first time at the Aerospace show MAKS-2, Zhukovsky in 1995.
marine multi-purpose all-weather helicopter, designed for ice reconnaissance, unloading of ships without stopping, maintenance, floating platforms and drilling rigs on the continental shelf.
transport helicopter to transport goods weighing up to 4T inside the cabin and up to 5T on the external load, transport 16 passengers in the cabin or 10 injured on seats and 4 on a stretcher in a sanitary version.
helicopter-flying crane formers providiing additional cabin for the operator